to mention those statistics, as a large nation as the United Nations, proves that the concept of Internet connectivity as a basic human right is a daily practice. Could we justify in that manner a legal human right to Internet Access? Unarguably, the platform has become the most important tool for expression of opinion and news spreading. Providing mass opportunities for an extensive range of forms of association. The need for Internet access is grounds those natural rights. On the other hand, it can be argued that people can still enjoy the freedom of expression and association, presuming they would print their thought in the newspapers or publicly assembly. Nonetheless, those rights do not simply require for an individual to at least have some liberty to express and associate themselves. R?ther, they ?re fulfill?d ?nly to the ?xt?nt th?t p?ople h?ve ?dequ?te ?pportuniti?s to ?xpress th?ms?lves ?nd t? ?ss?ciate. (JESSE)
As mentioned above, the United Nations’s introduction to the resolution is to bring emphasis on the significance of safe Internet use for the execution of those basic human rights. The first person to bring our attention to the importance of preserving these rights, online, was Frank La Rue. During his time as the UN Special Rapporteur, he presented 10 landmark r?ports that provid?d ext?nsive c?nclusions on affairs such as the pr?tection of j?urnalists, fr?edom of ?xpression ?xercised thr?ugh Intern?t, and the imp?ct of st?te surv?illance ?n priv?cy and fr?edom of expr?ssion. (UNESCO) La Rue addresses crucial trends and challenges to the right of an individual to seek, receive and impart information and opinions of all sorts via the Internet. The report emphasises the unique essence and transformative nature of the platform, not just as a stepping stop for one to exercise their fundamental rights, yet to promote the progressiveness of a society. (APC)
The Executive Director of Article 19, Thomas Hughes, stated that UN’s resolution is:
“a much-needed response to increased pressure on freedom of expression online in all parts of the world”
further elaborating that
“From impunity for the killings of bloggers to laws criminalising legitimate dissent on social media, basic human rights principles are being disregarded to impose greater controls over the information we see and share online.” (Independent)
Despite Hughes good point, 17 countries opposed the resolution, in particular, the clause stating that it “condemns unequivocally measures to intentionally prevent or disrupt access to our dissemination of information online.” (Special report) Among them were Russia, China and Saudi Arabia, as well as the democratic republics of India and South Africa. Not coincid?nt?lly, the n?tions that wer? first to opp?se the n?wly resoluti?n ?re am?ng the c?untri?s with the w?rst rec?rds of hum?n rights abus?. That is why it has become such a crucial issue, as it is becoming an expanding common practice for oppressive governments to control free expression and shut down access to Internet. (Fox News)
To arbitrarily prevent people from Internet access constitutes oppressive intervention to their right to freedom of expression and association. However, it would be impractical to constantly have international laws modified. At the end of the day, the United Nations introduced a non-biding resolution for adequate regulation on Internet use. Given the tendency of the platform becoming obsolete in the near future, access to it, however, does not warrant the status of an international legal human right. Complying with Hobbes, it is essential that government sustain such environments that would allow for the Internet to freely and unhindered prosper. Following from that, it is reasonable to suggest for governments not to make drastic moves in regards to undue regulations, yet when their involvement is inevitable to should aim to ‘support and enforce a predictable, minimalist, consistent and simple legal environment for commerce’. (book) To conclude with, it is fatal for e-commerce to be facilitated globally.