The advancements allowed suppliers to increase their trading radius
The Middle Ages in Europe were known as the “Dark Ages” where the population
suffered from a shortage of farming land that led to less production of crops and food. In order to
fix this, a technological revolution commenced to promote a rebirth for Europe and aid the
social, cultural, and economical foundation. The innovation age led to major enhancement in
agricultural technology and initiated a revolution due to the replacement of the ox with a horse,
the renowned crop rotation system, and the heavy plow for the Northern Europe soils.
Horses and oxen were used as agricultural tools of transportation before the revolution.
Both animals had their flaws but the oxen required much greater time for its trips than horses and
were more expensive. Pioneers of the agricultural industry discovered they could aid the
transportation for horses by constructing a new collar that will allow the horses to hoist the load
with their shoulders rather than with their neck, thus allowing them to carry a greater weight
capacity. The invention of iron horseshoes were made during that time as well, which ultimately
allowed the horse to have greater traction and prevented any injuries to their feet during colder
seasons. These advancements allowed suppliers to increase their trading radius since they were
much faster and easier to operate than before. Both these technological enhancements cemented
a new foundation for the agricultural industry that the rest of the world adapted later on.
Farmers would plant two crops a year during the summer and winter. However, doing so
would harm the soil and would require more maintenance than usual. The new method of the
three-field system allowed for the assortment growth for summer crops, winter crops, and an
additional field. The system allowed for an annual rotation of the fields so that the different soils
were able to absorb different nutrients and avoid exhaustion. Ultimately, due to the greater
variety of crops available to households using this method, people were able to retain healthier
eating habits and diets. Despite the increase in crop surplus, a desire for more workers became
crucial since not enough people could handle this sophisticated operation. Irrigation machines
were invented to allow the farmers to funnel energy to the fields with the use of inexpensive
windmills. These inventions sparked a new generation of agricultural technology in Europe that
became iconic throughout.
With the new efficient methods of farming, it became essential to plow soil faster than
before in order to keep up with the supply. The creation of the heavy plow simplified all the
steps needed in a machine that did it all. The heavy plow saved the farmers a drastic amount of
time since it was able to dig deep enough and move the soil to one side, which allowed the
farmer to simply plant. Despite the heavy plows benefits, it came with consequences. The heavy
plow required at least five oxen to pull it and the peasant farmers could not easily obtain that
many of them. This led to groups of farmers teaming together to get the heavy plow functioning,
causing more controversy than help since it arose financial disputes between the farmers. The
peasant farmers argued on whose land would be plowed first and how they will split the crops
once it was plowed.
The inventions of the heavy plow, rotational crop system, and the use of horses for
transportation were the origin for the technological revolution during Europe’ Middle Ages. The
revolution led to the rise of European urban cities, which would ultimately allow the progression
towards modern science and technological progress.