RESEARCH data for the reader-response examination was gathered with
chapter, I describe the data and the method of analysisused for this
study. Adapting Mills’ (1995) three part
model of analysis, excerptsfrom a literary text are used as data. Also, Mills’
(2012) reader-response examination involves actively seeking reader’s opinions
about textual representation. The data for the reader-response examination was
gathered with questionnaires. The questionnaires generally investigated respondents’
opinions on sexism,and generally sought after understanding their opinions of
selected texts. In what follows, the descriptions come under 3.1. and 3.2.
of data collection
was extracted from YejideKilankoDaughters
who Walk this Path.A numberof sentences and phrases that are relevant to
the chosen theoretical scope were extracted. This is the first aspect of data
collection. Going further, a questionnaire was drawn to gather respondents’
opinions of the selected text.
A Brief Synopsis of YejideKilanko’sDaughters Who Walk this Path
was born in 1975 Ibadan, Nigeria were she grew up. She belongs to a wave of
Nigerian women writers who are committed to investigating the intersection
between gender equity and female sexuality. Her writing also reflects an
understanding of cultural and societal influence surrounding African engagements,
weddings, births, and deaths. Kilankoaffirms many customs and beliefs, while
negotiatingor resistingothers. Daughters
who Walk This Path is her debut novel published in 2012. It has
received was shortlisted for the 2016
Nigeria Prize for Literature. She also published Chasing Butterflies in 2016.
Daughters Who Walk This Path
tells the story of Morayo, a Nigerian girl, who is forced to bear the memory of
being raped by a relative at a young age. The novel spans three decades — Morayo’speacefulYoruba childhood at Ibadan in
the 1970s, her traumatic adolescent years, and her troubled twenties and
thirties. Morayos’s rape early in the novel, the birth of her sister, her
mother’s weakness, and the remainder of the book explores how radical
patriarchy, sexist ideologies, sexual stereotypes and superstitions, and
cultural tradition work together to exacerbate the pain of abuse and force a
of Data Analysis
first aspect of the analysis is qualitative usingMills’s (1995) Three Part
Model of Analysis that includes the analysis Lexical Analysis, Phrasaland Syntactic
Analysis, and Discourse Analysis). These levels also include a wide range of
categories. For this study, the aim was to identify sexist ideologies in the
society, so, specific parts of each levels were focused on. On the lexical
level, the focus was on genericforms.
The phrasal and syntactic analysis was done in the scope ofideology. Finally, discourse features were drawn from character analysis (a specific character
was chosen for this).
analysis of the text is not done in a void, but to test sexist details in the
text using feminist stylistics. However, we are not concerned with the authour,
but assume an unbiased representation. So, characters, phrasal excerpts, and
lexical items occurring within various contexts are assumed to reflect the
social identity from an objective standpoint. In the text, the ‘voice’ is not
the authour’s; the story is told from
the focal point of different characters. Findings from the qualitativeanalysis
are compared with the data collected from the administered questionnaires.
next part of the research is mainly quantitative. Data gathered from the
questionnaires were analysed using the readers-response theory. The result of
the statistics was targeted towards validatingor correcting my hypotheses.
adopted both open ended and close ended questions the administered
questionnaires in order to extract ‘fresh’, unprompted responses from
respondents. However, some questions involve prompters which are aimed at
actively inciting certain responses from the respondents so that they will be
relevant to the study.
participants for this research paper are the occupants of Zone D in Iba Housing
Estate, Ojo, Lagos. They were selected, first, on the basis of their social
class. In recent years, sexism has become more widely known. Many ‘exposed’
individuals, therefore, know about this phenomenon. However, the masses, which
truly, are the less ‘exposed’ ones, as well as those who are in the
middle-classes and below, have remained uninformed (or a least with little information)
on gender issues. This is my one of my assumptions. These respondents were
chosen on this premise. From my observations, the community is largely occupied
by middle-class and lower-class citizens.
there are of people of different age range. Thus, another factor taken into
consideration was age. I used this as a yardstick to find justification for my
first claim, and also for comparison. We know that human development is
inevitable, and these developments are usually influenced by trends. The
different waves of feminism have proved that there has also been evolution in
both feminist and sexist ideologies. One target, therefore, is to compare
ideologies of the ‘past, present, and
future’. Questions raised are ‘what were the sexist ideologies of the past?
(judging from an audience of 40 years and above), ‘what are the present sexist
ideologies?’ (judging from an audience of 26-39 years), and ‘what are the
possible future sexist ideologies? ‘ (judging from an audience of 16-25 years).
Also, some other details which focuses is placed on is finding out if there
really is any change in sexist ideology, how identifiable are they, and what
could have influenced these changes.
further, a total number of 60 respondents were handed questionnaires; 30 males
and 30 females. This is an important
criterion also. It was equally chosen to be used as a yardstick for comparison.
Questions raised are ‘what percentage of male and female have certain sexist
ideologies?’, ‘do their answers differ in anyway?’, ‘how different are their
responses?’, and so on.
the sake of some who are not educated, and for the factor of ‘being busy’, I
took to interviewing some, and recording their responses verbatim (when
required). The respondents were, therefore, carefully chosen with considering
different factors such as age, accessibility, gender, social class, and their
knowledge (or not) of gender matters. A sample of my questionnaire is given