Page sampling was introduced. 1990’s LP’s were being used

Page Break  Technological advancements in popular music through the decades 1950’s  In the 50’s, vinyl disks and players were the main format that music was made in. Some technological products used were 78rpm shellac disks. Stereo LPs also became readily available. 1960’s In the 60’s vinyl was still the main format but cassette tapes had been invented. Pre-amps were used to adjust sound. Advanced microphones such as the Telefunken U-47 were used. Albums were sometimes mixed whilst they were recorded (live mixing) 1970’s  In the 70’s music was being recorded onto cassettes as well as vinyl. Music videos were also introduced through TV shows like ‘Soul Train’. Cassette players also replaced record players. Production techniques such as, multi-tracking, synthesisers, pedals, and EQ were being used. Electric pianos became prominent and the first D.R.S (digital recording system) arrived in 1977 and digitally recorded albums started to appear around 1979 1980’s  In the 80’s, the Sony Walkman was released to the consumer market, this allowed people to listen to music portably. TV shows such as ‘Yo MTV Raps’ were also introduced and promoted trap and Hip- Hop music. Digital production increased and midi sequencers and sampling was introduced. 1990’s  LP’s were being used frequently by artists to promote their music. The internet was also used to play and promote music. MP3 and tapes became more common. MIDI sequencers that could incorporate digital audio tracks arrived in the 90s’s. 2000’s  Websites such as YouTube were used by artists to release and promote their music. The iPod was introduced, which offered an alternative to the Sony Walkman. Spotify launched in 2008, allowing artists to release their songs on the application. Computers became prominent in most stages of music production and promoting.  References for websites used Wikipedia: The History of Blues, Wikipedia: The History of Rock, Wikipedia: The History of Popular Music        Changes in Harmony/Structure/Texture and Playing Techniques through the decades Music in the 1950’s and 60’s such as blues and jazz were largely improvised, this meant that songs would be much longer in duration, for example, All Blues by Miles Davis reaching over the 10 minute mark. Harmonies in 3rds were very common. The texture was often homophonic or polyphonic. The tempo of songs were usually steady, however songs would often be syncopated (off-beat). Some popular playing techniques that were used by Jazz and Blues musicians included playing drums with brushes, plucking the double bass (pizzicato), and using mutes on trumpets and saxophones.  In the 70’s and 80’s, the majority of music had a verse-chorus-bridge structure. The texture of songs were mainly homophonic, this contrasted some genres like doo-wop in the 50’s and 60’s which had monophonic textures. The tempo of songs were faster than in the 50’s and 60’s. Harmonies in songs were more complex with the uses of ninth and eleventh chords. Key changes were also more common in songs. In the 90’s and 00’s, most harmonies and song techniques could be controlled digitally on computers of other hardware. Pop songs in the 90’s/00’s were usually homophonic and around 100-120 bpm, with the structure being verse-chorus-bridge. 


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