In England, turmoil was brewing as the Spanish Armada

In England, turmoil was brewing as the Spanish Armada tried to invade England the year Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588, and lead to a lot of problems in society. England was divided in many ways, the powerful and rich were split on support for the crown, especially on support for taxation. Society was divided economically, religiously, and by region. Inequalities in wealth were massive, and the beginnings of the Civil Wars saw the emergence of radical and religious groups. Although John Locke argued for personal freedoms, Thomas Hobbes argued for absolute power to the monarchy because we need 1 strong leader, people are naturally wicked, and that a government that gives all their power to their king or queen is the best.Thomas Hobbes believed that 1 leader with absolute power was the only way to lead a civilization. He believed that with no leader, that no innovation would be fueled and that everyone shouldn’t have the authority to make every choice in their lives. Assuming that the world would go back into a primitive type-world.  Hobbes assumes people have the desire to live trumps mostly everything, and they will do a lot to live longer. He believes that this is ok, but you can claim literally anything you do could be because you wanted to live, and that’s not ok, and science could not move forward without a leader bringing everybody together.He also believed that people, at their core, were selfish beings and according to Hobbes, if man is placed in a state of nature (that is, without any form of government) humans would be in a state of constant warfare with one another. In this natural state, Hobbes stated, the life of a man was solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short, and were always constantly fighting each other.In conclusion, Thomas Hobbes believed in in the absolute worst of people, and in turn believed that we all needed to be controlled by 1 true leader. Without this everyone would act barbaric, he argued all of this in the political masterpiece, Leviathan.  The Founding Fathers were heavily influenced by Thomas Hobbes in establishing America’s First Principles, most notably the recognition of, the Social Compact, unalienable rights and limited government.Patapan, Haig. “The Glorious Sovereign: Thomas Hobbes on Leadership and International Relations.” SpringerLink, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 1 Jan. 1970, link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-0-230-10173-9_2. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, www.iep.utm.edu/hobmoral/.v Lloyd, Sharon A., and Susanne Sreedhar. “Hobbes’s Moral and Political Philosophy.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford University, 12 Feb. 2002, plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes-moral/#StaNat

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