Global 2014, Detroit had experienced the second most substantial

Global Warming; A Threat to HumanityIn the summer of 2014, Detroit had experienced the second most substantial single rain day event. The roads were covered in rain, and children toys were lost in the murky flood. The wind had managed to remove an oak tree from the root of ground, thrusting it in the nearby homes. The highways were disclosed by the disastrous rainfall as cars propelled to the nearest entrance.  The community watched the news, appalled by the sight of their city deforming. Citizens wonder how a sunny day could be present and the next day the mayor was calling for a state of an emergency. The primary causes of this complication were Global Warming, a problem that has been occurring for years now. Global Warming is the current increase in temperature of the Earth’s surface and atmosphere. Many argue that there isn’t any evidence of global warming.  However, global warming causes the risk of food shortages, the rise of sea levels which causes structural changes to the earth and threatens wildlife amongst animals. First, a significant effect of Global Warming is the matter of having a reduced amount of food availability. For example, in Northeastern, Uganda, the civilians there an experiencing severe accounts of food shortage. According to Adelle Kalakouti, Last year, more than half of Karamoja population, or about 640,000 people, faced food shortages” (Kalakouti 2). They are producing fewer crops and low milk production because of the change in the weather pattern. Historically, the rainy seasons are from April to September that only creates one harvest per year. But in Uganda, the weather has pattern has changed drastically because of the rising temperature. Temperatures in the region are set to rise by 0.8 degrees Celsius over the next 20 years and 2.3 degrees Celsius by the end of the century if no measures are taken (Kalakouti 2). As a result, villages are forced to deal with food shortage and suffer the consequences of the rising temperature.In addition, food shortage isn’t only going to affect Uganda, but many other countries as well. For instance, a country in Asia, Timor-Leste farmers, and people are suffering from global warming consequences. According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the country has suffered from long bouts of dry weather for about two years and has affected approximately 350,000 people, or one-third of Timor-Leste’s 1.3 million population ( Lestari & Ora 3). The last rainy seasons insignificant and didn’t change the drought circumstance. To make matters worse, agriculture is the primary source of activity for the country. They crop rice and maize, but also bananas, sweets potatoes, and cassava. Several villages have suffered from significant crop failure. Lestari and Ora claimed emergency food aid to about 1,300 families and provided seeds for their next crop (3). As can be seen, the people in Asia are experiencing food shortage.Furthermore, not only are many countries experiencing food shortage that can not only cause deaths from lack of nourishment, but a violent uprise as well. When the world faces a severe food crisis between the years of 2007 and 2008, it created a demand and spiked the cost of food. As reported by Global Footprint Network and United Nations Environment Programme, The higher prices led to social and political unrest in Morocco, Bangladesh, Tunisia, and Indonesia (Taylor 2).  The warming of an ocean surface temperatures is linked to the cause of a  flash flood and crop damage. These counties resorted to raising prices on food, but that seems to put the poor on edge. According to a study published in Journal of Peace Research, Fragile states, “That are poor and depend heavily on agriculture are most at risk of violent uprisings since they struggle to cope with climate change” (Taylor 1). These examples show that global warming is humanity way of living which can end in disaster. Meanwhile, sea levels are also causing an effect on the earth’s surface and humanity. For instance, Worrall argues that many countries are going to be affected by the rising sea levels. The countries that are most vulnerable are places like Bangladesh, India or  West Africa. Globally, 145 million people live 3 feet or less above high tide. Small island states, like the Marshall Islands, may not only have to move to escape the rising seas, they’re going to lose their entire cultures as their nations are literally going to be under water. ( Worrall 9)To interpret, these countries live below the high tide which means the water is at its highest level. This means they operate at a high level and with the sea rising level, the water will soon overtake these small islands. The primary cause of this calamity is simply because of the atmosphere. As the earth atmosphere heats up, the ice glaciers are going to melt. A warmer ocean will expand and will create more intense hurricanes. This will cause water to level up and destroy coastal regions. By 2016, global sea levels have risen 82 millimeters above 1993 levels (established as the zero line). Over the past two decades, sea levels have increased by an average of 3.4 millimeters per year (Osterath 1). As the sea levels continue to rise, we will soon surrender to the ocean tides.    Moreover, sea level just wants only affect coastal regions, but can have a negative influence on the economy and water supply. For example, Because of the rising temperature, Some areas in the united states depend on mountain snowpacks for water. In particularly, California water supply relies on these mountain snowpacks and provides up to third of the state’s water supply. According to California’s Department of Water Resources, The state expects to lose at least a quarter of its Sierra mountains snowpack by 2050, a significant blow to California’s freshwater supplies (Harvey 3).  To further explain, they take the water, melt it in spring and store it to provide for the public. This will be more difficult because of smaller snow accumulations that make it harder to capture and store it. For this reasons, we must come up with solutions to prevent this from occurring.    Although global warming is affecting our food supply and rising sea levels, it will cause the extinction of various animals. For instance, polar bears are suffering from the loss of ice that is melting because of the rising temperature. According to Collins, Satellite data showed the Arctic reached its yearly lowest extent on September 13, at 1.79 million square miles (4.64 million square kilometers) (Collins 6). To interpret, scientist measure the sea level extent which is the procedure of measuring the surface area of the ocean that is covered by ice. Since the ocean is at its lowest extent, this means that the ice that covers melting and will continue to do so. Polar bears solely depend on the ice as their hunting ground to capture animals such as Beluga Whale, Walruses


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