Agriculture has its own grandeur. It has rare animals

Agriculture Museum:

This tour was organized by International
office of GSCAAS.

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Introduction:

Agriculture possess
a key role in history of China. Chinese were aware of the farming techniques in
pre historic times. In order to preserve the old traditional methods of
farming, Agriculture Museum of China was established in 1950. The museum
contains the statutes and agriculture sculptures that have a long history. They
describe the evolution of Chinese Agriculture. It is worth seeing that how the
farming system emerged in historic era. Each and every sculpture was a history
in its own. Instruments depicted how the modern form came into being in
existence from the raw tools. Ancient manuscripts and writing models preserved
on the walls made us believe the importance of data collection. These writings
were the master pieces of that fundamental era. The Agriculture Resources Area
describes the socio-economic conditions of China. With more than 5000 antiques,
this area is a treasure of knowledge and splendid history. Companion animals
including horses, ducks, dogs, pigeons, swans, poultry and swine gave a marvelous
look to the community. Bullock were the important mode of transportation at
that time. Crops like cotton, wheat, rice, sesame, tea, were also present.
Samples of flowers, herbal medicine, tobacco and silk gave an impression that
Chinese were well aware of these products long time ago. The museum is an ideal
place to learn the evolution of Chinese Agriculture System. It demonstrates the
agriculture development with time. From the very beginning of sowing to the
stockbreeding and harvesting, this comprehensive model illustrates the whole
process.

The zoological
portion containing animal specimen has its own grandeur. It has rare animals
including golden fur monkey, panda, antelope, and spotted bear. Besides huge
animal population, the museum blessed us with a view of more than 800 pest’s
specimen. With the advancement in science and technology, Today China is the
leading agriculture country in the world. East Hall of Museum contains
innovative and cutting edge technology. This includes Biotechnology, Agri-communications,
Integrated farming and Nuclear Agri-sciences.

 

 

The China Agricultural Museum is one
of the famous place of Beijing where ancient agriculture and its valued history
has been preserved with great grandeur under the supervision of the ministry of
agriculture P.R China. It is situated at Dongsanhuan North Road, Chaoyang
District, Beijing. China Agriculture Museum was constructed in July 1983, the
proper inauguration for public was done in 1986. Premier Zhou En Lai was the
person who approved the layout of the museum. The museum is placed as one of
the top ten buildings in the Beijing.

 

Building
description:

An area of 430 thousand square meters is
being occupied by this museum. There are 10 separate halls which are
meant to exhibit the ancient agriculture features giving a natural look in that
past time when agriculture was a important aspect of life. Apart with that
there are different other accessory buildings which are built for other
purposes like maintenance and offices. There are different halls and they all
are numbered. The ten halls are one harmonious whole: grand and magnificent. Various
flowers and trees are planted on both sides of the galleries. The traditional
ethnic constructions, flowers and trees, and other parts of museum attract
towards a charming view of the area of this museum. This museum was opened in
September 1986, with three regular displays: “China Agricultural Technological
History in Ancient Times”, “Natural Agricultural Resources Division”, and
“China Marine Resources”. In 1991, “China Energy Resources Hall opened, and
“Garden of a Hundred Herbs” was completed? by then, the whole display area had
reached nearly ten thousand square meters, including four regular displays:
Agricultural History, Resources, Marine Resources, Energy Resources? and the
outdoor Exhibition Garden combining indoor display with outdoor tours, and
integrating agricultural resources with the agricultural history. Afterwards,
the museum successively opened some important displays and exhibitions such as
“China Modern Agricultural Technological Display”, “Traditional Farm Tool
Exhibition”, “Soil Sample Exhibition”, “Aquatic Creature Exhibition”, and “Terrestrial
Creature Exhibition”. During that period, the museum held “China Farmers’ Art
Exhibition” and “Farmers’ Photo in China. The current display system in China Agriculture
Museum includes three parts: basic displays, themed displays, and outdoor
exhibition gardens. The indoor displays cover 6600 square meters while the
outdoor exhibition gardens occupy approximately 10000 square meters. The basic
displays are the “Chinese Agricultural Civilization Display” in No. 2 and No. 4
halls, with the themed displays include “Ancient Agriculture Reflected in
Colored Pottery”, “China Traditional Agricultural Tools”, “China Soil Samples”,
“Popular Agricultural Science for Young Visitors” The outdoor exhibition garden
offers two exhibitions: “Traditional Farming in Ancient Times” and “Modern Science
Farming”. The China Agricultural Museum, has numerous items of agriculture
relics with a lot of samples, ancient books, and traditional farm tools of
which around 20 thousand being cultural relics and 30 thousand being precious
ancient books. The museum has around 200 stoneware
relics mainly from the Neolith Age? earthen ware relics mainly of burial
objects and colored pottery? bronze ware relics? ironware relics? traditional
farm tools? ink-stones? ancient silk fabrics? food coupons? and agricultural posters,
already make up featured series. Some collection categories are at the top in
the country. The museum has painted potteries, monochrome glazed potteries,
multicolor glazed potteries, and tricolored glazed potteries of Tang Dynasty,
etc., stone axes, stone adzes, stone chisels, stone shovels, and stone plates,
etc.? and potteries including colored potteries, white potteries, black
potteries, and most of the potteries were funerary wares except for colored
pottery. 100 pieces of bronze ware relics including weaponry, daily utensils,
or sacrificial vessels, among which the bronze cooking vessels and wine vessels
in Shang Dynasty, the bronze cooking vessels, round mouth food vessels, cooking
tripods in the Western Zhou Dynasty, and the bronze chimes, bronze cauldrons,
pots, washbasins with a tubular handle from the Warring States period are all
high value collections. About 300 iron made farm tools which are mainly ironware
in the Liao/Jin Dynasty unearthed from north China. About 2000 agricultural
posters are displayed, most of which are created by such well-known artists as
Mei Sheng Jin, Mei Lin Han, Xiang Lan Ge, and Wen Xi Liou. The library, being
one of the “Top Three Collection Units in China”, possessing nearly 70 thousand
documents, of which 30 thousand being special and valuable documents. The
natural sample collected by the CAM are classified into three categories:
Precious Animal Samples? Precious Plant Samples? and soil samples, the valuable
samples of the three categories amounting to 3000. The 226 soil samples of
approximately 120 different types, making the museum the collector of the most
complete categories, a bank of the riches collections of soil samples, with a
complete soil sample series of considerable agricultural science value.

It was very interesting and informative
place to visit respective to our field and we got a lot of information
regarding the ancient Chinese civilization and its agricultural practices. We
returned back to GSCAAS with much knowledge and good memories of the China
agricultural museum. To explore such ancient and old places is also my passion.
At the end I would like to pay special thanks to the team International
Students Office for arranging such informative tours in which we can explore
the ancient places and come to know about the history of China.

Details
for tourists are given below;

Address: No. 16, Dongsanhuan Road (East Third Ring Road), Chaoyang District, Beijing. 
Telephone: 010-65018877-2260 
Opening time: 09:00-16:00 (Closed
on Mondays, no entry after 15:00). 
Admission/ticket : For tourist group (20 or more), 5 RMB per capita,
student group 3 RMB per capita. For individual traveler, 10 RMB while 6 for
student. 

Bus route: Bus No 43, 113, 115, 117, 402,
405 and 302 are having stops of Agriculture Museum.

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