Abstract: better understand the selection process. CPAA’s leadership consists

Abstract: Polished concrete is a solid floor, chemically treated and polished on a
smooth, shiny surface with chemically thin
diamonds. Polishing process is divided in to three parts. Those are grinding,
horning, and polishing. In this research consider those steps specially those
steps separately. This research focussed on investigate the use of concrete
polishing in industrial flooring systems and present an evaluation on the existing
flooring systems in the industry. And design new polishing plans for the
various places by considering the suitability. The research is to be carry out
to different kind of polishing plans by experimentation from checking different
ratios of densifiers, different types of colouring, various polishing steps
etc.

Keywords:  densifying;
grinding; horning; gloss level; polishing; colouring

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1.   
Introduction

Polished concrete, discovered about 14
years ago and has taken its path to history as a sustainable and
low-maintenance paving option in almost all market segments. We have all walked
on a polished concrete surface in recent years. It is such a popular and
fast-growing sector that, in many cases, is outperforming consumers and
contractors with new technologies and new methods. This rapid growth has put
the industry in a very volatile state, leaving consumers confused about what is
and what is not polished and what aspects of performance to expect. (Burns, 2015)

The Concrete Polishing Association of America (CPAA) was formed in
November 2009 to create standards for concrete processing with a glossy finish
and help define these processes so that architects, designers and consumers can
better understand the selection process. CPAA’s leadership consists of manufacturers
and contractors to provide continuity in the creation of these standards and
procedures.

 The CPAA defined polished concrete as;
“The act of changing a concrete floor surface, with or without additional
exposure, to achieve the desired level of glossy finish”. There are three
basic versions of polished cement according to the CPAA. They are abrasive
polishes bonded to concrete, burnished polished concrete and topically polished
concrete.
 The
“polishing process” can divided into three sections. Those are grinding,
densifying and polishing. (wine, n.d.)

There are many flooring systems in the
market and big competition also there. So, evaluation and made modification
should need to polished concrete for survive in industry.

2.1 Grinding

 

When
considering floor restoration, that not all types of flooring will be similar
to glass. Concrete grinding occurs before the polishing process, making it a
simpler option and one that takes less time when ultra-bright surfaces are not
required. The resulting grinding texture is a gritty abrasive that is halfway
between an opaque appearance and a low-level gloss, a classic appearance of
steps or exterior surfaces.

The rectified cement can also be
sealed with a urethane sealant to achieve a finish similar to cement smoothed
in fewer steps. In fact, a floor sealed with urethane can work better in many
environments than a polished floor.

Since concrete processing is a
series of steps, the level of resistance, durability and brightness improves as
much as you cut and remodels the concrete. This is the reason why the ground
cement is not as bright as its polished counterparts; polishing requires a
significantly higher production. Both, however, offer a professional look, so
the type of concrete we choose depends entirely on our preferences. (O’Shannessy,
2015)

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