Proponents of standardized tests argue that it is the most efficient way to measure students’ performance and teachers’ effectiveness. They assert that standardized test is accountable, analytical, structured, and objective. One of the greatest benefits of standardized test is that teachers, schools, and people who are related to education system are responsible for teaching students what they are required to know for these standardized tests. This is mostly because students’ scores remain as public record and it can be used as mean to compare teachers’ and schools’ effectiveness. In a similar context, standardized test allows test data from New York to be compared to scores in Los Angeles and, the most of time, it is developed by academic experts so each question undergoes an intense process to ensure its validity. There are the most appealling reasons that many states have adopted standardized test. In addition, establishing standards or an instructional framework is necessary in order to follow the standardized test. Thus, it may help teachers to deliver large amount of information in a relatively short period of time. Lastly, standardized test is objective since there is little chance that bias would affect the scoring (Meador, 2017).
However, just as coins have both sides, there are also disadvantages of standardized test. Opponents of standardized testing contend that it is inflexible, a waste of time, impossible to measure real progress, stressful, and political (Meador, 2017). They assert that a one-size-fits-all approach cannot assess unique individuals because it is too fixated. For example, an outstanding student may not perform well on the standardized test because he/she is not use to the format. Moreover, standardized tests prevent teachers from being creative since standardized test force them to spend time on material that will appear on the test. Although learning is an ongoing process and the process is as important as the outcome, standardized tests tend to focus only on students’ outcome rather than students’ progress and proficiency over time. At last, The atmosphere of the classroom is influenced not only by students but also by teacher. So, if teacher is stressed, it may affect the quality of the lecture. However, teachers and students alike feel test stress. For educators, poor student performance may result in a loss of funding and teachers being fired. (Meador, 2017).